Alcoholism is one of the four most serious public health problems
The other three are:
- Heart disease
- Mental Illness
Alcohol gives energy
Alcohol is a depressant; and can make you feel sleepy. It slows down your motor skills which control the way you think; speak move react.
Black coffee or a shower will make a person more sober or avoid a hangover
Nothing will speed up the break down of alcohol in your bloodstream except time.
In fact, time is the only cure, allowing the liver to get on with its job in eliminating the alcohol from your system, helped along by drinking lots of water.
A hangover can't be cured. Symptoms of a hangover include feeling thirsty, sick, tired, being more sensitive to noise and bright lights and headaches. These effects are caused by alcohol acting as a "diuretic". This means that alcohol makes the body lose too much water, causing dehydration. Alcohol also irritates the lining of the stomach, leading to indigestion, nausea and dehydration.
Food in the stomach slows down the rate at which alcohol has its effects
Food slows down the rate at which the bloodstream absorbs alcohol, giving your body more time to remove it and increases the break down of alcohol in the stomach.
The best advice is to eat before or while drinking, and to pace yourself with soft drinks or water and to limit your consumption.
Alcohol warms you up in cold weather
Alcohol widens the blood vessels nearest the skin, allowing more blood to be close to the surface. In cold surroundings therefore more heat will be lost from the body and although you may feel warmer, you will be losing heat and could risk hypothermia. The body core only has to lose two degrees centigrade for hypothermia to set in.
Most alcohol consumed passes out of the body when you go to the toilet
Alcohol is eliminated by the liver. As the blood flows back from the general body circulation, some 2% of the alcohol consumed finally passes out via the kidneys in your urine.
Alcohol has been part of society for ages
Alcohol has played a major role in society since the beginning of times. Traces can be found as early as the beginning of cultivation of cereals and vines.
It has been used as object of religious rituals as well as treatment for wounds and diseases, as an aid for digestion. It’s been part of social lives.
Proof that alcohol has been a part of all societies is that the human liver produces an enzyme called alcohol dendrogenese, this has the sole function of breaking down alcohol.
Alcohol affects everyone in the same way
Gender, size, weight, age, metabolism, how and when you drinks plays a role in how alcohol affects you. Drinking on an empty stomach or drinking fast, results in higher blood alcohol level.Being very tired, ill or stressed may affect a person's reaction to alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant and places stress on the body systems which may result in you being affected more by alcohol.
Drinking too much alcohol can kill a person
Drinking too much alcohol on one occasion can kill a person!
Stages of Intoxication
- Happy. Talkative, social and relaxed
- Excited. Emotional, uncontrolled behaviour and slowed reactions
- Confused. Staggering, disorientated and slurred speech
- Stupor. Unable to stand or walk
- Coma. Completely unconscious, breathing may stop resulting in death.
Effects of one pint of beer on a person wear off after one hour.
Alcohol is eliminated from the body at a rate approximately equivalent to half a pint of beer each hour, so it will take two hours for the body to eliminate one pint of beer.
Alcohol increases sexual drive and ability
TRUE and FALSE
Alcohol decreases your inhibitions; which factor into an increased sexual drive. However; alcohol decreases sexual functioning and is linked to the reduction of the male hormone testosterone.
Men can hold drinks better than women
While everyone absorbs alcohol in the bloodstream at a different rate, an average women can be over the limit after drinking the equivalent of 1 ½ pints, an average man could be over the limit by drinking 2.
Absorbed alcohol is distributed by the blood and mixes evenly with the water in the body. The lighter person has less water in the body, and will therefore reach a higher blood alcohol level for a given consumption than would a heavier person. Women average proportionately more fatty tissue than men of comparable weight, so for the same amount of drink they will reach a higher blood alcohol level.
Glass of wine is absorbed in bloodstream faster than gin and tonic
Carbonated beverages in a drink will cause faster absorption of the alcohol into the body, so gin and tonic will enter bloodstream faster than a glass of wine. However the type of alcohol consumed does not affect the rate that thte body metabolizes the alcohol.
A small person is more affected by alcohol
The smaller person has less water in their body and will therefore reach a higher blood alcohol level for a given consumption than would a bigger person.
After drinking five pints of beer the likelihood of having an accident is 30 times greater
Just one drink is enough to impair your driving performance. Having twice the legal limit of alcohol in your blood makes you at least thirty times more likely to have an accident.
Vomiting is part of the body’s defense against alcohol poisoning
Vomiting is a body’s reaction to try and eliminate poison.
Alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are different problems
Alcohol abuse is a problem and can lead to dependence, therefore they are different problems
Alcohol impairs judgement before affecting physical coordination
It affects most recently learned skills prior to affecting speaking or walking.
It is dangerous to take alcohol with medicine
Alcohol interacts with other drugs, often intensifying their effect.
Barbiturates. A moderate amount of alcohol along with a small dose of barbiturates (downers) can kill you. Many accidental deaths happen this way.
Marijuana. Heavy users can develop a cross-tolerance, ie a special sensitivity that makes them react very strongly to a small dose of alcohol.
Other Drugs. Many other drugs can also multiply the effects of alcohol, including heroin, methadone and mild tranquillisers. Some asthma, cold and hay fever medicine can increase the effects of drinking.
Beer Before liquor, never been sicker; liquor before beer, you’re in the clear
Urban legend to explain why people get sick: BAC is what determines how drunk you are: IT doesn’t matter what type of alcohol you drink a drink is a drink and too much combinations can make you sick
It’s OK to leave your drunk, passed out friend to bed and go back to the party
Never leave an intoxicated person alone. Stay with the person and frequently assess them for alcohol poisoning.
Drinking quickly won't result in more alcohol in my system than if I drink slowly
If a person drinks alcohol quickly it will have a greater effect because the alcohol is drunk faster than the body removes it. Depending on how much and how fast you're drinking, it affects the brain stem (can cause it to shut down) and can interfere with vital body functions.
A young person, unused to drink, may experience this after just a few standard drinks taken in one sitting. The body's ability to process alcohol depends on age, weight and sex. The body breaks down alcohol at a rate of roughly one drink per hour - and there's no way to speed it up.
Don't ever get involved in a competition to see who can drink either the most of the fastest... it can prove fatal.
I can drink and still be in control
Drink impairs judgement and increases likelihood you will do something you will regret.
I can sober up quickly if I have to
It takes 3 hours to eliminate 2 drinks depending on weight. Nothing (including coffee or showers) will speed up process.
Alcohol is absorbed in the body faster than food
Unlike food, no digestion is necessary.
After drinking one unit of alcohol, 50% of the alcohol consumed will have been absorbed into the bloodstream within 10 minutes. Long drinks made with mixers have a faster effect as they enter the bloodstream even quicker. The presence of food in the stomach, particularly fatty substances will slow absorption of alcohol and so lessens the maximum blood alcohol level attained
I’d be better off it I learn to hold my liquor
If you drink increasingly larger amounts of alcohol to get a buzz you are developing tolerance. It’s actually a warning sign you are developing more serious problems with alcohol.
Alcohol is not fattening
All alcoholic drinks contain calories. Drinking alcohol stimulates your appetite while reducing your self-control, so you're more likely to binge eat if you binge drink. Fortified or dessert wines and liqueurs are much more calorific and sugar rich per serving, too. A standard ½ litre of beer has approximately 130 calories, as does a 150ml glass of dry wine, less than a serving of apple juice.